Studia Doctoralia https://www.studiadoctoralia.ro/index.php/sdpsych <p style="text-align: justify;">Studia Doctoralia Psychology and Education is the official journal of The Doctoral School of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Bucharest, Romania, published by the <a href="https://doctorat.fpse.unibuc.ro" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Doctoral Centre for Interdisciplinary Research, Innovation and Sustainable Development (CCIIDD)</a></p> University of Bucharest, Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences en-US Studia Doctoralia 2248-3896 Embarking on a journey of changes in scientific writing. The new APA Publication Manual, 7th edition https://www.studiadoctoralia.ro/index.php/sdpsych/article/view/99 Andrei Șerban Zanfirescu Copyright (c) 2019 Studia Doctoralia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2019-12-13 2019-12-13 10 2 63 64 The effects of classical music interventions in gynecological medical units https://www.studiadoctoralia.ro/index.php/sdpsych/article/view/94 <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>The present research presents the results of a quasi-experimental study on the effects of classical music interventions in gynecological medical units. The study involved 60 women between 18 and 67 years old. Of these, 30 were included in the experimental group and 30 in the control group. The experimental group was exposed to listening to recorded classical music, in the waiting area, before the consultation or medical intervention, for about 15-20 minutes. The instrument used for the measurement of anxiety were The Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, HARS (α = .92), and The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, HADS (α = .89). Intervention through music had positive effects on reducing the anxiety of patients waiting in the waiting room of the medical office. The level of anxiety was higher in 18-23 years patients than in patients over 24 years old, even they were exposed to the same conditions of listening to classical music in the waiting room. The level of HADS anxiety differs significantly according to the level of education of the patients. Further research is needed on music and its effects on patients, given the low cost of implementation and the potential of music to reduce patient stress.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Pîrcălabu Gabriel Copyright (c) 2019 Studia Doctoralia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2019-12-13 2019-12-13 10 2 65 77 Personality and resilience in medical students https://www.studiadoctoralia.ro/index.php/sdpsych/article/view/95 <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>This study has three main objectives: to establish the relationships between personality traits and resilience in medical students, the relationships between vulnerability factors and the level of resilience in medical students, and the relationships between personality traits, resilience and symptoms of depression, anxiety, stress among medical students. In this study participated 134 students enrolled at the University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Craiova, both in the specialization of general medicine and general medicine nurses, aged between 18 and 25 years, M = 19.78, SD = 1.31. Of these, 34 are men and 100 are women. The instrument used were Inventory of vulnerability / protection factors (α = .79), Resilience Scale, short form, RS-14 (α = .87),&nbsp; five sets of 10 items each in five sub-domains of NEO PI-R: neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experiences, aggreableness, and conscientiousness (α &gt; .70), and&nbsp; Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scales, DASS 21-R (α &gt; .70). Resilience was negatively corelated with neuroticism, positively correlated with extraversion, and also positively correlated with conscientiousness. The protective factors were positively associated with resilience. Neuroticism has an increasing effect on depression, while extraversion has a decreasing effect on depression, neuroticism has an increasing effect on anxiety and stress, and aggreableness has a decreasing effect on stress. The results also showed that a high level of resilience leads to a low level of depression, anxiety, and stress.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Raluca Motorga Copyright (c) 2019 Studia Doctoralia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2019-12-13 2019-12-13 10 2 78 89 The role of intelligence in the relationship between attachment styles and cognitive schemas in psychotherapists https://www.studiadoctoralia.ro/index.php/sdpsych/article/view/96 <p><span lang="RO">The present study aims to analyze the relationships between attachment styles (avoidant and anxious) and cognitive schemas and also the role of intelligence in this relationship. The participants of the study were 62 psychologists or future psychologists aged between 23 and 51 years, M = 34.38, SD = 7.18. Of these, 12 were psychology students, 54 were autonomous psychologists, and two were experimented psychologists. Four of the participants were men, and 68 were women. As for marital status, 23 were unmarried, 19 were in a relationship, and 30 were married. The instruments used were The Attachment Style Questionnaire, ASQ (α = .94), Young Cognitive Schema Questionnaire - Short Form, YSQ-S3 (α = .98), and Analogical Transfer Test (CAS++) for the measurement of intelligence. The results showed that avoidant and anxious attachment styles are positively associated with the development of maladaptive cognitive schemas in all the five domains. Intelligence does not moderate the relationship between attachment styles and cognitive schemas. In the personal development of psychologists and psychotherapists, it is necessary to augment maladaptive cognitive schemas through specific psychoeducational programs. Further studies are needed to identify other factors that may be involved in the development of cognitive schemas.</span></p> Virginia Corduneanu Copyright (c) 2019 Studia Doctoralia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2019-12-13 2019-12-13 10 2 90 101 Dark triad of personality and aggression in adolescents and young people https://www.studiadoctoralia.ro/index.php/sdpsych/article/view/97 <p><span lang="RO">The present study aims to analyze the relationships between dark triad of personality and aggression in adolescents. Aggression is considered the key factor in the development of criminal behavior, and by deciphering the factors that determine aggression, interventions can be made to prevent and diminish delinquent behavior. In this study, 134 persons between 15 and 28 years old participated, M = 20.48, AS = 2.50, of whom 34 were males and 79 were females. The instruments used to assess the dark personality traits and aggression were The Aggression Questionnaire, BPAQ (α = .89) and Short Dark Triad, SD-3 (α = .79). The results showed that boys have higher levels of physical aggression than girls, while girls have higher levels of anger and hostility than boys. In addition, psychopathy was positively associated with physical aggression, verbal aggression, and anger, Machiavelianism was positively associated with hostility, and narcissism was negatively associated with hostility. Age moderates to some extent the relationship between dark personality traits and physical aggression. Practical implications of these results are disscused.</span></p> Constantin Gogoriță Copyright (c) 2019 Studia Doctoralia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2019-12-13 2019-12-13 10 2 102 113 Taking the long way: conceptual framework development, symptomatology, and classification in aphasia https://www.studiadoctoralia.ro/index.php/sdpsych/article/view/98 <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>The present theoretical study aims to make an incursion into the history of description, definition and conceptualization of aphasia. Old and modern opinions on the etiology and symptomatology of aphasia are presented. Also, the types of aphasia and their prognosis are described.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Cristian Buică Belciu Copyright (c) 2019 Studia Doctoralia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2019-12-13 2019-12-13 10 2 114 124